Phonics lesson plans for reading, dyslexia, ESL and other special education needs.

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PhonicsTutor Frequent Words: Phonics Lesson Plans

Content of Lessons

Unit 1
Single Letter Consonants & Short Vowels

  1. Words a and I; short vowels A & I; consonants N, S, T; two-letter CV
  2. words
  3. Three-letter CVC words; double-N in Ann & inn; introduction to proper nouns; homophones an vs. Ann and in vs. inn; introduction to sentences ending with a period
  4. Consonant D; introduction to blends using ending blend ND; use of dad vs. Dad; sentences
  5. Consonant F; sentences
  6. Consonants H, L; introduction to plurals using hand vs. hands; ending blend ST; introduction of sentences ending with a question mark; sentences
  7. Review of words with the same ending; comparison of short vowels A & I; review of words with the same beginning; sentences
  8. Short vowel E; sentences
  9. Consonants B, M; introduction to multi-syllabic words; sentences
  10. Consonants C, G; introduction to beginning blends using CL; sentences
  11. Short vowel O; words where letter O says the sound of short U; sentences
  12. Consonants J, K, P; introduction to beginning blends using PL and ST; sentences
  13. Consonant Q followed by U; consonant R; sentences
  14. Short vowel U; words where letter U says the sound of OO as in good; sentences
  15. Consonants V, W; introduction to contractions; sentences
  16. Consonants X, Y, Z; contractions; sentences

    Unit 2
    The Most Frequent Multi-Letter Consonants,
    Consonant Digraphs, R-Controlled Vowels, and Suffix –LE

  17. Three sounds of consonant digraph CH; two sounds of consonant digraph TH; plurals adding ES; sentences
  18. Consonant digraphs SH, WH; introduction to sentences ending with an exclamation point; sentences
  19. Multi-letter consonants CK, DGE, TCH with rule; sentences
  20. Multi-letter consonants KN, WR with rule; single-syllable words ending in Long E; sentences
  21. Consonant digraph NG; suffix –ING; sentences
  22. Words ending in ALL; prefix A-; prefix BE-; introduction of the use of a comma within sentences; sentences
  23. Suffix ––LE; sentences
  24. R-controlled vowel ER; sentences
  25. More R-controlled vowel ER words; sentences
  26. R-controlled vowel OR; sentences

Unit 3
The Sounds of Single-Letter Vowels,
Silent Final E, & Open-Syllables

  1. Introduction to Silent Final E used after A, E, I, O, U, Y; sentences
  2. More Silent Final E words; sentences
  3. SC as a phonogram and a blend; more Silent Final E words; sentences
  4. More Silent Final E words; sentences
  5. Two and three syllable words ending in VCe, both stressed and unstressed; sentences
  6. Irregular VCe words; Silent Final E used after V because English words do not end in V; sentences
  7. The sound of vowel A at the end of a word
  8. as in ma; Long O at the end of a word; vowel Y at the end of a word when it says Long I; sentences
  9. The sounds of vowel I at the end of a word; the sound of vowel O at the end of a word as in to; the sounds of vowel U at the end of a word; the word you; vowel Y at the end of a word when it says Long E; sentences
  10. Introduction to open syllable words; sentences
  11. The three sounds of vowel I at the end of a syllable; sentences
  12. More open-syllable words; sentences
  13. More open-syllable words; sentences
  14. A syllable has one and only one vowel sound; One-, two-, three-, four, five-syllable words; sentences
  15. Silent Final E used to make C say the sound of S; sentences
  16. Silent Final E used to make G say the sound of J; Silent Final E used after S to show it is not a plural word; sentences
  17. More multi-syllabic, single-letter vowel words; sentences

Unit 4
Multi-letter Vowels Beginning with A & E

  1. R-controlled vowel AR; sentences
  2. W<AR> words; more AR words; sentences
  3. Comparison of AR when followed by a vowel and AR followed by a consonant or at the end of a word; sentences
  4. Vowels AI, AIGH; sentences
  5. Vowel AY; sentences 
  6. Vowels AU, AW, AUGH; AUGH in laugh; sentences
  7. Two-letter EE; derivatives of to be; sentences
  8. Three sounds of EA; sentences
  9. Irregular AI; R-controlled vowel AIR; sentences
  10. Three sounds of EAR; irregular EAR; sentences
  11. Three sounds of ER; sentences
  12. Three sounds of EI; two sounds of EY; EIGH; irregular height; sentences
  13. Vowels EU, EW; sentences
  14. More EA and EE words; sentences
  15. Three sounds of suffix –ED; sentences

Unit 5
Multi-letter Vowels Beginning with I & O

  1. Two sounds of IE; making the plural in words that end in consonant-Y; making the past tense of verbs that end in Y or IE; sentences
  2. Three-letter IGH; sentences
  3. Three sounds of IR; sentences
  4. Homophones read, lead, and live; more EA words; sentences
  5. Vowel OA; <W>OR words; sentences
  6. Vowels OI, OY; sentences
  7. Long I and Long O before two consonants; sentences
  8. Two sounds of OO; irregular OO; R-controlled OOR; sentences
  9. Review of A, E, I, O, U when they say their short sound; review of the two sounds of C; sentences
  10. Five sounds of OU; sentences 
  11. More contractions; sentences
  12. Two sounds of OW; sentences
  13. The phonogram OUR as in our; R-controlled OUR as in courage;
  14. Four sounds of OUGH; two sounds of OU-GH; sentences

Unit 6
Multi-letter Vowels Beginning with U & the Consonant-Vowel Y

  1. Two sounds of R-controlled UR; S saying the sound of SH as in sure; T saying the sound of CH as in nature; sentences
  2. Vowels UE, UI; irregular spelling pattern "build"; sentences
  3. The sound of consonant Y; three sounds of vowel Y; sentences
  4. E & I used to make G say the sound of J; U used to make C say the sound of K and G say the sound of G; U when it says the sound of W after G; abbreviations of titles; irregular derivatives of common words; sentences

Unit 7
Less Common Multi-letter Consonants
& Remaining Vocabulary

  1. SH spelled CI and TI; SI when it says the sound ZH; sentences
  2. Greek phonograms PH, RH; GN as one or two phonograms; consonants MB and MN; sentences
  3. More phonics vocabulary; sentences
  4. More vocabulary; sentences
  5. More vocabulary; sentences
  6. More vocabulary; sentences
  7. More vocabulary;
  8. sentences


  1. Phonograms, common sounds, associated spelling rules, phonics instruction
  2. Capital letters and
  3. common sounds; small letters and common sounds

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